Pachysandra, Japanese Pachysandra or Spurge is in the Box Family – a medium-sized herbaceous perennial evergreen groundcover that grows about 10 inches tall. This plant is always used as a groundcover in group or mass plantings, with each plant slowly spreading via a combination of its basal shoots and leaning top growth.
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Pachysandra, Japanese Pachysandra or Spurge is in the Box Family – a medium-sized herbaceous perennial evergreen groundcover that grows about 10 inches tall. This plant is always used as a groundcover in group or mass plantings, with each plant slowly spreading via a combination of its basal shoots and leaning top growth. It has a procumbent mat growth habit and slow growth rate. The shiny dark green foliage yields a glossy broadleaf evergreen mat of groundcover, which is topped by small creamy white inflorescnces in early Spring.
- Perennial evergreen groundcover
- Grows about 10″ tall
- Foliage: leaves emerge medium green, mature to dark green
- Flowers: creamy white from late March to mid April
- Fruits: white terminal fruits are rare
- Partial shade to deep shade
- prefers moist well-drained acidic rich soil
- Propogated primarily by rooted stem cuttings but also by clump division
- Plant 6′ to 12 ‘ apart
- Boxwood family, with leaf blight, stem cankers and leaf spots being the principle cosmetic or serious diseases with scales and nematodes being the primary serious pests
- Typical planting takes about three years to fully establish solid carpet of groundcover
- Zones 5 to 8
Function: evergreen groundcover for group or mass plantings at the northern or eastern foundations of buildings, or under the moderate to dense shade of shrub trees and forms an attractive dense carpet of glossy evergreen foliage, excellent performance in partial shade, full shade or very deep shade.
Liabilities: slow to establish a solid mat of foliage, can have serious disease or pest problems with maturity, retains blown leaves in Autumn and Winter, absolutely requires at least partial shaded conditions for acceptable performance.
Pachysandra terminalis is perhaps the best evergreen groundcover for moderately to deeply shaded sites, forming dense mats of glossy dark green foliage. Pachysandra is probably the most exquisite of the evergreen groundcovers.